Lead Consultant: Ricardo Sole Arques
Real Time Evaluation of UNICEF’s response to the Mali Crisis
Dahlia’s Real Time Evaluation (RTE) provides recommendations geared at enhancing the ‘scale-up’ of UNICEF’s response to the humanitarian crisis in Mali. Covering the period from January to May 2013, our Evaluation assesses UNICEF’s response across the country while focusing on both the programme and operations’ areas of the Organisation’s intervention.
Mali experienced a profound destabilisation process in 2012 when armed rebel groups took control of vast expanses of the north, triggering an acute political crisis. Following an intervention by French troops in January 2013, a cease-fire was established in June, a UN peace-keeping force deployed in July and largely peaceful presidential elections concluded by August. Despites strong indications that the situation is likely to stabilise, the effects of such turmoil have been immense.
The displacement of 175,000 refugees to neighbouring countries and 350,000 IDPs to central and southern Mali has provoked grave humanitarian consequences and stretched the coping mechanisms of both those displaced and of host families. Overall, some 2.8 million persons have been directly affected by the conflict. The situation also prompted the freezing of development programmes and budgetary support to Mali’s government, on which many basic social services depended. The present crisis has exacerbated a reality already characterised by high rates of poverty and exclusion, poor infrastructure and services, low development indicators and recurrent ethnic and political tensions.
In this context, UNICEF’s 2013 humanitarian response plan aims to ensure a fully integrated approach to the overlapping components of the Mali Crisis, articulated through interventions ranging from direct service delivery to capacity development initiatives, coordination support and advocacy.